Historical Places

Uzbekistan has a great potential for an expanded tourism industry. Many of its Central Asian cities were main points of trade on the Silk Road, linking Eastern and Western civilizations. Today the museums of Uzbekistan store over two million artifacts, evidence of the unique historical, cultural and spiritual life of the Central Asian peoples that have lived in the region for more than 7,000 years. Uzbekistan attracts tourists with its historical, archeological, architectural and natural treasures. The World Tourism Organization’s Silk Road Office was opened in 2004 in Samarkand. This office was commissioned to coordinate the efforts of international organizations and national tourism offices of countries located on the Silk Road.

Great Silk Road – an original phenomenon of the history of developing of humanity, its aspiration for union and exchanging cultural wealth, conquest of the living spaces and markets for goods. In the East they say: “sitting man is a mat and walking man is a river”. Motion is a life, and traveling, learning of world always was a driving force of progress. This, the biggest transcontinental trade road in history of humanity had been binding Europe and Asia and in the old time was stretching from antic Rome to ancient capital of Japan Nara. Of course, trade between East and West was from time immemorial, but it was a separate piece of future Great road. Real start of great road, bounded caravan’s way, laid from Central Asia to the west and the South, and routs coming from Chine to East Turkistan, belong to the second century B.C., when for Chinese people for the first time was opened West Side countries of Central Asia. As live memory of nations, laid this unique road connected East and West, can serve ancient Uzbek cities like Samarqand, Bukhara, Khiva, Shaxrizabs, Termez, Tashkent with their architectural monuments, that personifies centuries – old history of Great Silk Road.

Samarkand with its Registan, Bibi-Khanym Mosque, Gur-Emir and Shah-i-Zinda, Bukhara with its Po-i-Kalyan Complex, Ark citadel, Samanid Mausoleum and Lyabi Khauz Ensemble, and of course Khiva with its intact inner city Ichan Kala, mosques, madrasahs, minarets, walls and gates are acknowledged sites of world tourism. The general conference of UNESCO accepted the decision of inclusion in the list of anniversaries the celebrating of 2750-th anniversary of Samarkand. Samarkand is one of pearls of East. Here are many unique monuments of culture and architecture, which are evidence of high mastery of the ancient architects. The restoration works are carrying out at the memorial complex Shah-i-Zinda. Basic principle of rebuilding of the centre of Samarkand is a preservation of monuments in their integrity. The complex of historical centre of the town is included in the list of a world heritage of UNESCO under the name “Samarkand is an intersection of world culture.”

Though Tashkent is often overlooked in the search for the Silk Road oasis towns of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva, for the traveler there is much besides this to be seen. Most travel involves entering and leaving Uzbekistan through Tashkent. The city is serviced by an international airport, a domestic airport, two Vokzals (train stations), and numerous bus stations.

Three more airports of Uzbekistan have international status. Those airports are of Samarkand, Bukhara and Urgench. Besides local flights and some regular international flights (not numerous), the charter flights on demand of local and foreign tourist agencies fly in/out of those airports.

Essential structural changes occur in sphere of tourism in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Tourist business in the Republic of Uzbekistan is in a stage of structural reorganization and institutional formulation, formation of intraindustry, interindustry, inter-regional and foreign economic relations. The tourist infrastructure is being improved, the corresponding segment of a labor market is being formed, a new system of state regulation over tourist activity has been created. In order to cope with the task of developing of tourism in Uzbekistan a National Company “Uzbektourism” was established on July 27, 1992 by the Decree of the President of Uzbekistan. This year National Company “Uzbektourism” invites to plunge into the business world of tourism and to take part in the Tashkent International Tourism Fair – 2010 “Tourism along the Silk road” to be held on October 7-8. TITF is the most attended tourism fair in Central Asia, providing unique opportunities for participants to receive full information directly from tourism professionals and also learn about last news in tourism industry. Traditionally the fair is participated by the large international travel and tourism organizations, with decorated stands, accompanied by national-folklore groups. Traditionally National Company “Uzbektourism” organizes presentations of participating countries and companies, press conferences, seminars and round tables, as well as the banquet with concert performance during the following days after the fair.

The participation in “Tourism along the Silk Road” gives you the opportunity to establish new business contacts, carry out negotiation with foreign partners, personally communicate with and learn new innovations from the leaders of travel and tourism industry, distribute promotional materials, conduct presentations directed to the features of your pricing policy and activities of your companies in the forthcoming seasons, and also make activity plans in new directions. All this will facilitate the development and strengthen the position of your company in tourism industry.